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Peru

AREQUIPA

220

Popularly known as the White City (large parts of the city were built using ashlar, a volcanic white stone), Arequipa is the second largest city in the country. Arequipa stands out for its architectonic value, with colonial and arequipeño (a blend of Italian, Spanish and Andean styles) examples permeating throughout the city.

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AYACUCHO

221Ayacucho is located in the central Andes and traditionally has been one of the most isolated areas of the Andes, preserving many of the ancient artist traditions of the Andean people.

 

 

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BOCA MANU

222The final lake crossing takes you across Lago Nahuel Huapi, the jewel of Argentina's Nahuel Huapi National Park, to Puerto Pañuelo.

 

 

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CAJAMARCA

223The isolated mountain city of Cajamarca is known for its history, unique Andean architecture and beautiful countryside. Large archaeological complex atop the La Copa Mountain, made up of a large ceremonial complex with various platforms supported by huges rocks, there also is a site pre-Inca museum.

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COLCA

225The Colca Canyon is the deepest in the world, habitable, with pre-Colombian terraced fields still supporting agriculture and human life.Home of the Andean Condors. There you can see them as they float on the rising thermals. Colca River and valley were well-known to the Incas and their predecessors.

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CUZCO

226Cuzco, located at about 10,000 feet above sea level, is Peru’s archaeological capital. As the former capital of the mighty Inca Empire and later an important colonial settlement, Cuzco offers innumerable examples of Inca masonry and colonial architecture. Sometimes styles mix as conquistadores used to build their religious buildings over the foundations of Inca temples.

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HUARAZ

227A quaint mountain town, Huaraz is in the fertile Callejon de Huaylas valley, framed by the Cordillera Blanca and the Cordillera Negra mountain ranges. Easily combined with a visit to Trujillo, Huaraz is the starting point for day hikes in the mountains or adventurous mountain climbing expeditions.

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MACHU PICCHU

231Machu Picchu, The Lost City of the Incas. A remote fortress/sanctuary abandoned, reclaimed by the jungle and hidden from view until 1911. With altars, temples, staircases and terraces, this is one of the world's most extraordinary sites that can be visited on a day trip from Cuzco.

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CHICLAYO

224At 124 ml north of Trujillo is Chiclayo, a region inhabited in ancient times by the Lambayeque, Mochicas and Chimus. Near is the Bruning Museum, displaying pieces from the greatest, most recent Peruvian archeological discoveries, notably the Royal Tomb of the Señor de Sipan.

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ICA

228Ica is a small, colonial city that sits slightly inland in the middle of a verdant oasis along Peru´s southern coast. The country´s finest Pisco brandy and wine is made here.

 

 

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IQUITOS

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Once a thriving rubber town, Iquitos still retains many of the original manor houses and colonial architecture from its heyday. Located on the banks of the Amazon River and only accessible by air or boat, the city is now the starting point for cruises down river and trips to the numerous lodges that dot the Amazon River banks.

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PUNO

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Puno is located on the banks of Lake Titicaca, the world’s highest navigable lake. Popularly known as Peru’s folklore capital, this is also the cradle of the Aymara civilization and birthplace of the Inca Empire. From its vantage location, excursions can be made to nearby archaeological sites like Sillustani and traditional Inca villages.

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LIMA

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Lima is Peru’s capital and most important city. The City of Kings, as it was known during the colonial period, was founded in 1535 by Francisco Pizarro and soon became the most important city in colonial America. Today, Lima is the main gateway to Peru’s numerous tourist attractions. Lima has sunny beaches, modern residences and gardens in the districts of Miraflores and San Isidro, and flowered boulevards and colonial buildings downtown.

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TAMBOPATA

 

233Tambopata, a stunning rainforest on Madre de Dios River and one of the most biologically diverse environments on earth. Birders often count 100 different species in a day, and the reserve is home to the largest known Macaw Lick in the world.

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TRUJILLO

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Trujillo is one of most beautiful cities in Peru, located in an oasis irrigated by the Moche River. The city preserves magnificent aristocratic mansions and many baroque-style temples from the Spanish era. Nearby Chan Chan ruins, the world’s largest earthen citadel, gives testimony to the high development of the Chimu civilization who ruled the north coast before the arrival of the Incas.

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